All earthly life needs water. However, as the human race increases and over-population continues, this indispensable asset will ever be a subject of apprehension. The world’s ecosystems and the well-being of millions of individuals are endangered by water pollution. Declining water supplies threaten food production and other social components of humanity. These sources contribute to the huge and diversified environmental career fields that specialize in water quality.
Those businesses employing specialists of water quality are in such fields as the research sciences, environmental engineering, ground design or planning, management, administration, and law. Water quality specialists employed in these business opportunities, learn the flows of water in natural streams, how to control water flows in systems made by humans, and how to apply this information in a variety of environments supporting human necessities.
The type of water studied determines how a specialist is grouped. The rivers of ecosystems, wetlands and estuaries, man-made systems that supply drinking water, companies that treat wastewater, and reservoirs run by hydroelectricity are the types of waters studied by water quality specialists employed in businesses trying to keep water environmentally safe. There was a time when experts skilled in water quality were employed in these businesses only to operate man-made systems, but now their tasks include protecting the waters along coasts, watershed management, and halting the destruction of wetlands.
In all of the multitude of functions particular to their job specifics, increasingly, the three most essential priorities of water quality specialists are preventing pollution, protecting ecosystems, and maintaining development. In the United States, the biggest employers of water quality specialists are governmental agencies that include:
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Fish and Wildlife Service
- National Park Service
- Army Corp Engineers
These United States agencies are accountable for state water inventory, managing fishing and recreational water activity, regulating water protection laws, and developing procedures. Water supplies in urban areas and wastewater treatments are managed by urban agencies. Water quality professionals are also employed internationally by agencies such as the United Nations and the World Bank. Firms in engineering, hydrology consulting, and manufacturers of supplies and equipment for water control are businesses in the private sector that increasingly employ water quality professionals.
Water quality researchers are increasingly being employed by numerous industrial firms, and consulting firms employing water quality experts are on the rise. Technical colleges and universities hire them as instructors.